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5 Vitamins that keeps oral and gum healthy

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5 Vitamins that keeps oral and gum healthy.
2. CONTENTS • Introduction. • History. • Classification. • Individual vitamins. • Public health importance. • Conclusion.
5. VITAMINS Fat Soluble Water Soluble B-Complex. Non B-ComplexVitamin A Vitamin D Vitamin E Vitamin K Thiamine (B1) Riboflavin (B2) Niacin (B3) Pyridoxine(B6) Biotin (B7) Pantothenic acid(B5) Energy-releasing Hematopoitic Folic acid (B9) Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) Vitamin C
6. Vitamin-A VITAMIN - A :- Is widely distributed in animal and plant foods animals –pre-formed – Retinol. plants – pro-formed - carotene
7. Vitamin-A…… Dietary sources of vitamin A 7 PRE-FORM VITAMIN A : meat, liver & dairy products PRO-FORM VITAMIN A : Yellow, red and green vegetables and fruits
8. Recommended dietary allowance :  Men and women – 600 mcg. Per day  Pregnancy and lactation – 950 mcg. Per day  Infants – 350 mcg. Per day  Children – 600 mcg. Per day
9. Vitamin-A, Absorption and storage: liver,
10. Vitamin-A, Physiological Functions of Vitamin A  Vision  Epithelial cell "integrity’  Reproduction  Resistance to infectious disease  Bone remodeling  Growth
11. Vision
12. The signs of vitamin A deficiency Ocular  Night blindness.  Conjunctival xerosis  Bitot’s spot  Corneal xerosis  keratomalacia Extra ocular  Retarded growth  Skin disorders  Effect on reproductive organs.  Effect on bone,
14. Hyper Vitaminosis A If the daily dose + 30,000 mcg toxic symptoms:-  painful joint  thickening of long bones.  anorexia  low grade fever  rashes  irregular menstruation  fatigue.  loss of hair
15. ORAL MANIFESTATION OF VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY  Teeth – enamel. Hypoplasia of teeth – enamel forming cells are disturbed.  Dentin – lacks normal tubular structure.  Caries  Eruption
16.  Alveolar bone – Gingiva – gingival epithelium becomes hyperplastic, keratinization.  Periodontal disease – periodontal disease.  Salivary gland – keratinizing metaplasia
21. VITAMIN - D  called SUNSHINE VITAMIN. 2 forms D3 – cholecalciferol D2 - calciferol
22. Dietary Sources of Vitamin D, fatty fish, fish liver oils, egg yolk
natural way , exposure of skin to sunlight synthesizes vitamin D
both yeast and animal tissues. In yeast, a sterol precursor (ergosterol)
daily requirement of vitamin-D is 400 International Units of cholecalciferol.
vitamin D- containing foods or nutritional supplements are absorbed by intestinal mucosal cells in duodenum and jejunum and packaged into lipoproteins called chylomicrons carry to liver
27. Biochemical functions of vitamin-D • It regulates plasma levels of calcium and phosphate
Vitamin D - Deficiency  RICKETS  Children's  OSTEOMALACIA  Adults  Increase the risk of Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia,
VitaminD….. Oral manifestation  Teeth – developmental abnormalities of dentine & enamel.  Caries – higher risk of caries  Enamel hypoplasia
Vitamin D Supplements, MANAGEMENT, Prevalence
Vitamins To Support Oral Health (and it's not Calcium)
36. VITAMIN- E naturally occurring antioxidant. anti sterility vitamin
37. Dietary sources of Vitamin-E  Many vegetable oils, Wheat germ oil, cotton seed oil, peanut oil, corn oil, sunflower oil.  It also present in meat, milk, butter and eggs,
38. Recommended dietary allowance of vitamin E
39. Biochemical functions of vitamin E
40. Deficiency of vitamin E
41. Vitamin - K It is available in 2 forms K1 –plant origin. K2 synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
46. Vitamin - C  ascorbic acid and antibiotic vitamin. active reducing agent. powerful antioxidant, Citrus fruits, gooseberry, guava, green vegetables, tomatoes, potatoes rich in ascorbic acid. • High content of vitamin C is found in adrenal gland and gonads. • Milk is poor source of ascorbic acid
Vitamins for Your Teeth
48. Recommended daily allowance of vitamin C
50. Vitamin C deficiency SCURVEY, Spongy and sore gums Loose teeth Anemia Swollen joints Decreased immunocompetence Delayed wound healing Haemorrhage Osteoporosis
Oral manifestations Scorbutic gingivitis, Ulcerative gingivitis Rapid periodontal pocket Tooth exfoliation
53. B complex vitamins
These Vitamins Can Prevent Cavities and Make Your Teeth Stronger
54. THIAMINE (VIT B1) called Anti Beri-Beri factor, Anti Neuritic factor, and also Aneurin.
62. Riboflavin (Vit B2), CHEILOSIS • Chapping & fissuring lips GLOSSITIS • Inflammmed • Red beefy tongue Deficiency of vitamin B2
67. Niacin ( Vit B3)
73. pyridoxine (Vit B6)
78. Biotin ( Vit B7)
83. Pantothenic acid (vit B5)
87. Folic acid (Vit B9)
92. Cyanocobalamine ( Vit B12)
How to Treat Bleeding Gums at Home (2020)
During pregnancy and lactation : 4 mcg per day
102. Conclusion • Living a healthy life means making sure that your body is receiving all the proper vitamins and minerals it needs to function correctly.
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